Friday, July 27, 2012

The Legendary History of the Koh-i-Nur (Koh-i-Noor) Diamond (Part 2)


Koh-i-Noor Diamond
Photo Credit: Interesting Diamond Facts

by Angela Magnotti Andrews

There is much conflicting information on the origins and early history of the Koh-i-Nur diamond. It seems that it drifted in and out of the records of antiquity in a misty fog. Despite its sometimes veiled history, it is possible to piece together a rough timeline for the legendary stone.

The large and rather dull diamond was purported to have been found in the mines of Golkonda (Golconda) in southern India, specifically the Kollur mine in the Gunter District. While I have not found definitive evidence to prove its origins, that would potentially put to rest any notion that the Koh-i-Nur and the Syamantaka mani are the same gemstone, since these mines were not opened until the 12th century. However, one source reports that the Koh-i-Nur was stored in a vault with the Hope diamond and other famous stones of Indian antiquity.

This does leave room for the possibility that the Koh-i-Nur was discovered far earlier, possibly in the Godavari River area, as far back as 4,000 to 5,000 years ago, as some historians believe. This would allow the possibility for the Koh-i-Nur to be one and the same as the Syamantaka. (read more)

I offer in the next post a rough timeline of the Koh-i-Nur diamond’s early years. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. Wikipedia. "Golkonda." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golkonda#Diamonds.
2. Mughal History. "First Battle of Panipat from Baburnama." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://www.mughalhistory.com/panipatbattle1.htm.
3. Wikipedia. "Kollur Mine." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kollur_Mine.
4. Tripod. "Kohinoor Heera." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://mridul1991.tripod.com/kohinoor.html.
5. Wikipedia. "King Porus." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Porus.
6. Wikipedia. "Chandragupta Maurya." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandragupta_Maurya.
7. Wikipedia. "Maurya Empire." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mauryan_empire.
8. Wikipedia. "Bindusara." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bindusara.
9. Wikipedia. "Vikramaditya." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vikramaditya.
10. Wikipedia. "Samprati." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samprati.
11. Chaurasia, R. S. History of Medieval India From 1000 A.D. to 1707 A.D. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, 2002.
12. Sikh Institute. Maharaja Duleep Singh: The King in Exile. Appendix: Koh-I-Noor Diamond--Its History. Accessed July 23, 2012. http://sikhinstitute.org/duleepsingh/appendix.pdf.
13. Kaur, Harpreet. "Koh-i-noor, a Mountain of Light." Dance with Shadows. Accessed July 23, 2012. http://www.dancewithshadows.com/society/kohinoor-diamond-india.asp.
14. Tripod. "The Koh-I-Noor." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://famousdiamonds.tripod.com/koh-i-noordiamond.html.
15. Tweedie, Neil. "The Koh-i-Noor: diamond robbery?" The Telegraph Online. July 29, 2010. Accessed July 23, 2012. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/features/7917372/The-Koh-i-Noor-diamond-robbery.html.
16. Royal Exhibitions. "Crowns." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://royalexhibitions.co.uk/crown-jewels-2/royal-regalia/.
17. Kent, J. J. "The Crown Jewels of England: The Koh-i-noor." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://www.jjkent.com/articles/crown-jewels-england-kohinoor.htm.
18. Wikipedia. "Koh-i-Noor." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koh-i-Noor#The_Crown_Jewels.
19. Forevermark. "A Notorious Diamond." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://www.forevermark.com/en/The-Crown-Jewels/Diamond-Highlights/A-Notorious-Diamond/.
20. Rushby, Kevin. “Chasing the Mountain of Light: Across India on the Trail of the Koh-i-Noor Diamond.” Great Britain: Constable and Company Limited, 1999.
21. Harlow, George E., editor. “The Nature of Diamonds.” CambridgeUKCambridge University Press, 1998.
22. Wikipedia. "Alexandra of Denmark." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandra_of_Denmark.
23. Wikipedia. "Crown of Queen Alexandra." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_of_Queen_Alexandra.
24. Wikipedia. "Crown of Queen Mary." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_of_Queen_Mary.
25. ReoCities. "The Memoirs of Babur." Accessed July 23, 2012. http://www.reocities.com/SoHo/Studios/8611/babur.html.


*Clip art courtesy of The Graphics Fairy

2 comments:

  1. always thought Koh-i-noor was a graphic pen?

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    Replies
    1. And imagine my surprise, having always thought that the Koh-i-noor was a legendary diamond, when I came across graphic pens and colored pencils upon Googling Koh-i-noor for images! Two worlds collide!

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