Photo Credit: It's About Time Blog
During this period, rosaries had become so popular in
small groups of devotees began to assemble together. Called paternoster guilds,
these groups of craftsmen and devotees served as hubs for making rosaries and
group prayer. Each of these guilds were known for the materials they
specialized in, most choosing some form of wood or glass beads, though some
worked with precious stones or metals, as well. You can still visit Paternoster
Row near St. Paul’s Cathedral in London, a place where
many of these guilds set up shop.
The first of these brotherhoods was formed in
Northern France by Alanus de Rupe in 1470 AD. Another was
organized in cologne, Germany
in 1475. From these rather humble beginnings, active guilds began popping up
all over Europe. By the late 1590s, Europe was beginning to see more universal standards for
making rosaries adopted by the paternosters. This may have something to do with
a ruling by the Council of Trent in 1573. During this meeting, the Dominican
Rosary (today’s standard rosary style) was officially adopted. This circlet of
59 beads includes 50 small beads, divided by one large bead (Pater) into five
“decades” (sets of ten). In place of a pendant, these rosaries have a string of
three small Antiphon beads and two larger Paters which terminate in a crucifix.
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1. Encylopedia Britannica Online. “Rosary.” Accessed October 20, 2012. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/509670/rosary.
2. Laning, Chris. “Historical Rosary and Paternoster Beads.” Paternoster-Row website, 2007-2009.
of Anthropology . “Prayer Beads: A Cultural
Experience.” Copyright 2011. Last updated October 22, 2012. http://anthromuseum.missouri.edu/minigalleries/prayerbeads/intro.shtml. University of Missouri
4. Prayer Beads World (website). “Prayer Beads in Islam.” Copyright 2008. Accessed October 22, 2012. http://www.prayerbeadsworld.com/prayer_beads_in_islam.html.
5. Roman, Alexander. To Bead or Knot to Bead: Some Historical Considerations. As found on Chotkis website on October 22, 2012. http://www.chotkis.com/history.htm.
6. Rosarium, The. “About TheRosarium.org.” Accessed October 22, 2012. http://therosarium.org/about.aspx.
7. Rosary Workshop. “Journaling the Bead: A History of the Rosary.” Accessed October 20, 2012. http://www.rosaryworkshop.com/HISTORYjournalingBead.htm.
8. Winston, Kimberly. Bead One, Pray Too.
New York: Moorehouse
*Clip-art courtesy of The Graphics Fairy