Wednesday, August 22, 2012

Where is the Syamantaka Mani Today? (Part 4)


Tavernier's Line Drawing, circa 1676
Photo Credit: Museum Diamonds

by Angela Magnotti Andrews

In my own quest to solve this mystery, I read still other theories that suggest that the Great Mogul diamond, whose whereabouts are unknown at this time, was the stone that actually caused Krishna so much trouble. One corroborating theory states that the Koh-i-Noor was at some point cut from the larger Syamantaka mani.

This theory may have some merit, as there are reports that the Great Mogul once weighed 780 carats and that both the Koh-i-Noor and Orlov diamonds were cut from this larger diamond at one time. (The Orlov diamond is now on exhibit at the Kremiln Diamond Fund.) Unfortunately, these reports are unverifiable, as it seems the only person to ever record seeing this large diamond was Jean Baptiste Tavernier, the French tradesman.

He noted in 1672 that the then 275.65-carat diamond appeared "as of an egg cut in two." The stone is never again mentioned in recorded history, though in one account I read that Alexander Fersman, noted Russian gem expert, believes the Orlov to have been the other half of the Great Mogul diamond that Tavernier drew in his notes. In still another account, though, it is said that Fersman believes the Orlov is the Great Mogul.

These accounts leave open the possibility that the Koh-i-Nur and the Orlov were at one time melded together as the one great stone, The Great Mogul, and perhaps that this great stone was the Syamantaka mani.

Of all the theories I’ve read, I believe that this account is the most credible...that the Syamantaka parented both the Koh-i-Nur and the Orlov diamonds, which would explain why the Great Mogul has otherwise been lost in time.

As I said in the beginning, scholars and historians may never come to a solid conclusion on the matter, but it is highly possible that the Syamantaka mani may in fact reside today (at least in part) in the Tower of London and the Kremlin (as the Koh-i-Noor and Orlov diamonds). Of course, it may actually reside in the Smithsonian Institute (as the Hope Diamond). Or it may be in the hands of an unknown Indian relative.

What do you think?

Is the Syamantaka safe in the Tower of London (Koh-i-Nur),

in the Kremlin and the Tower (Orlov and Koh-i-Nur), 

in the Smithsonian (Hope Diamond)?

Or is it lost in history as the Great Mogul or an unknown ruby or sapphire?

If you’re ready to decide, leave me a comment below with your choice.
If you’re still undecided, follow me this way to read the arguments in favor of the Hope Diamond.
Or follow me this way to read the arguments in favor of the Koh-i-Nur diamond.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. IndiaDivine. "Syamantaka or Shyamantaka??" Last modified September 10, 2005. Accessed August 15, 2012. http://www.indiadivine.org/audarya/hinduism-forum/265626-syamantaka-shyamantaka.html.
2. ________, Michael. "The Hope Diamond Design Change." The Natural Sapphire Company. Last Modified September 15, 2009. Accessed August 15, 2012. http://www.thenaturalsapphirecompany.com/Blog/the-hope-diamond-design-change.
3. Wikipedia. "Syamantaka." Accessed August 15, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syamantaka.
4. India Child Name. "Meaning of Syamantak." Accessed August 15, 2012. http://www.indiachildnames.com/name.aspx?name=Syamantak.
5. International Colored Gemstone Association. "Ruby." Accessed August 15, 2012. http://www.gemstone.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=85:ruby&catid=1:gem-by-gem&Itemid=14.
6. Gem  Select. "World's Biggest Gems." Accessed August 15, 2012. http://www.gemselect.com/other-info/biggest-gems.php.
7. Wikipedia. "List of Diamonds." Accessed August 15, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_diamonds.
8. Wikipedia. "Diamond Fund." Accessed August 15, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kremlin_diamond_fund.
9. Museum Diamonds. "Great Mogul." Accessed August 15, 2012. http://www.museumdiamonds.com/~scottsuc/index.php/great-mogul.html.
10. 24hGold. "The Orloff." Published May 29, 2009. Accessed August 22, 2012. http://www.24hgold.com/english/contributor.aspx?article=2071889582G10020&contributor=Famous+diamonds

*Clip-art courtesy of The Graphics Fairy


2 comments:

  1. well...as i understand, the syamantaka is described as a red stone which would either be a ruby or a red fluorescing diamond, but the kohinoor is white with a bluish glow. i guess we can never know with any certainty.

    ReplyDelete
  2. well...as i understand, the syamantaka is described as a red stone which would either be a ruby or a red fluorescing diamond, but the kohinoor is white with a bluish glow. i guess we can never know with any certainty.

    ReplyDelete